We would like to begin by saying that it is an honor to lead Virginia Tech’s premier student research journal. We are proud to report a record number of submissions to this year’s publication; selection was a difficult process as so many students in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences are pursuing such fascinating and impressive research projects.

This was a year of firsts for the journal: this issue contains the first non-English piece and the first paper from a student attending a school other than Virginia Tech. In fact, this was the first year Philologia has accepted submissions from outside of our university, and we hope that opening our college’s journal to student work from other universities will help make Philologia increasingly visible and will enhance its national presence. We are proud to continue Philologia’s tradition of interdisciplinarity, publishing work from across the wide range of fields represented in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences.

We would like to take this opportunity to remember Sara Iona Musick. Sara, who graduated from Virginia Tech in 2009, was a founding editor of Philologia. She passed away this year. We are grateful for her contribution to the creation of a journal that so effectively showcases the impressive work done by CLAHS students.

This edition would not have been possible without the guidance and support of Dr. Marc Lucht, Ryan Rideau, our faculty reviewers and board, and Associate Dean Robert Stephens. Their help has been indispensable throughout this process. We would also like to extend thanks to Dr. Luke Plotica, Dr. Debra Stoudt, and Dr. María del Carmen Caña Jiménez for their assistance in the editing process. Of course, none of this would be possible without our crack team of associate and layout editors—thank you.


Demi Lee
Editor in Chief

Margaret Smith
Managing Editor


Virginia Tech University Honors proudly supports Philologia.

The cover image is based on a photo of Rabat, Morocco, courtesy of Marc Lucht.